Industry 4.0 or as known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution is a term that contains various contemporary automation systems, data exchanges, and manufacture technologies. Industry 4.0 comprises systems and principles such as cyber-physical systems, internet of things and internet services. Moreover, this framework conduces to discover smart factory systems. On the other hand, with this revolution, more efficient business models will crop out by virtue of collection, tracing and analyzing each data in a production environment. You can also find more detail about the latest change of industry in this post. (P.S. it is not that boring, just keep going.)
A Brief History of Industry Revolutions
Since antique ages to last two century, people make production by using their body strength. Everything we can imagine was produced by the strength of human and animals. In the 19th century, Europe was importing raw materials more than expected. Also, customers needed more product than ever and workers could not produce fast enough to meet the need of customers. So here is the need for the revolution in manufacturing.
First Industrial Revolution
As mentioned below, insufficiency of fast production and meet the need cause first revolution. This industrial revolution started with the invention of steam-driven machines. These machines were producing faster than human and also people started to be hired as a worker. Also, this revolution created the working class as known as the proletariat. We will talk about it hereinafter.
Second Industrial Revolution
The person who induced the second revolution is Henry Ford, founder of Ford Motor Company. Automobiles were produced by order and customers had to wait for 2 or 3 months to deliver their car. This form of production was too slow. On the other hand, Henry Ford wanted to accelerate the procedure time that customers purchase and take the product. So he decided to use conveyor systems that already used in meat factories. With this system, parts were started to mount and come out as cars on the other end. The motto was produced things are going to be sold, however. And it works. By the way, with the second revolution, manufacturers started to use electric while producing. In the other words, electric was started to use with the second revolution.
Third Industrial Revolution
This revolution started with computers. According to researches, Germans lead this revolution. Those computers were not like personal computers or laptops that we use today. They have only bit logic, in the other words, they used 1 and 0 to command or to take command. Whatever, this is not our topic (we will talk about it in another post). Processors start to be more popular with this revolution and manufacturing become more efficient and precise. Manufacturers start to use the PLC (Programmable Logic Controller).
Does Humanity Really Need Industry 4.0?
As I mentioned above, this revolution will make production faster, better and more efficient. The answer of the question, as you may suppose, is yes. There is a really exciting future on the way. Humanity can not stand without changing. If a country tries to ignore or resist industry 4.0, it will drop behind. This revolution and its result can be guessed, more or less. There is another question comes to mind: when it will happen? Also, there must be an alternative basic question that you should ask yourself: Will my country catch this revolution and what can I do for it?
As a beginning, we should know that it is already started. But we can not see or notice the results. It is happening. For instance, IoT is an indicator of this revolution. It is for to communicate all devices and gadgets. Also, cyber-physical means all devices in a factory will communicate. Other questions are up to you (where you live or want to live). You must improve yourself and foresee the future. You are visioned if you read this.
Yes, humanity needs industry 4.0 and its consequences. It will hike up procreators and disgruntle consumer societies. Most noteworthy, just try to get some space in that future. Use your personal skills.
Principles of Industry 4.0
There are a lot of principles but I will touch on a few. Because this post must be like a brief explanation.
We can define this as the virtual copy of smart factories. Virtualization enables sensors and system data to communicate with simulation models and virtual facilities. Also, cyber-physical systems that in the factories can make their own decisions.
2. Mutual Work
It allows connecting people and smart factories by using the Internet of Things (IoT) and the Internet of Services (IoS). With those technologies devices that is in a factory can communicate with each other. Moreover, If there is an error occurs in this contact, mutual work will inform managers and it allows to step in immediately.
This is the collection and analyzing of the data that form. The biggest innovation that comes with Industry 4.0 is instant and accurate legibility of data. It aims maximum performance by collecting data on a master device and analyzing by a data analyzer. It is possible to intervene immediately when an occurrence of a state that is mistaken or incorrect. Moreover, a responsible person does not need to be nearby of the factory to intervene in the situation.
This principle provides the flexible adaptation systems for smart factories. Before Industry 4.0, manufacturers had to supply a new version or a totally different kind of an enormous appliance. Modularity can maintain the renovation process only with simple software changes. This increases diversity in production and foregrounds the innovation and R&D.
5. Service Orientation
This principle will put the Internet of Services (IoS) together and systems in a smart factory will become customer focused. Service orientation will improve the services of companies that have a smart factory. Analyzing and collection of big data will provide the information that the orientation needs.
How This Revolution Affect Job Opportunities?
Robots and computers have been used in industrial processes for a century. This situation made a lot of people to work in different fields of industrial production. More complicated job areas that require information have been come up. More technicians and engineers are needed in those fields.
On the other hand, workers are getting fewer jobs in the work area of producing. Because machines and robots are doing the work that workers can do. As a result, knowledgeable people will find more job opportunities as always.